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Updated: 4/25/2022

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  • Summary
    • Condition A is (Condition identical in caps to title) a (extremely rare, rare, common) (congenital, degenerative, acquired, traumatic) CONDITION CAUSED BY what causes it from pathophysiology section THAT LEADS TO The condition typically PRESENTS IN (children, adolescents, young adults, adults, elderly) 4) PRESENTS WITH most common symptoms and or finding).
    • Diagnosis is made A or) clinically with primary symptoms and exam finding (in this case remove TYPICALLY present from above) B or) with plain radiographs of the bone/body part. C or) by advanced imaging (MRI, CT) which shows D or) one of exclusion E or) with a combination of A,B, and C
    • Treatment is usually Treatment X t is indicated in. Operative treatment is indicated in...
  • Epidemiology
    • Incidence
      • incidence
      • prevalence
      • US new cases
    • Demographics
      • age bracket
        • mean age
      • male : female ratio
    • Location
      • body location (rare, complex, or polystotic lesions)
      • where in the body/bone (simple)
    • Risk factors
      • basic risk factors
      • advanced risk factors
  • Etiology
    • Pathophysiology
      • mechanism of injury (trauma)
        • basic
        • advanced
      • pathoanatomy
        • this is the molecular or cell biology of disease
      • cell biology
        • this is the anatomic cascade of disease
      • microbiology
        • list of causative organisms.
    • Genetics
      • inheritance pattern
        • autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked etc.
      • mutations
        • chromosome
        • gene
        • protein encoded for
    • Associated conditions
      • medical
        • condition A
      • orthopaedic
        • condition A
  • Anatomy
    • Osteology
      • describe anatomic bone
    • Arthrology
      • articulation
    • Ligament
      • ligament
        • attachments
    • Tendons
      • tendon name
        • origin
        • insertion
        • function
    • Muscles
      • muscle
        • action
        • insertion
        • origin
    • Blood Supply
      • basic
      • advanced
    • Nervous System
      • basic
      • advanced
    • Biomechanics
      • basic
      • advanced
  • Classification
    • Classification
      • Name
      • d
      • d
      • d
  • Presentation
    • History (optional)
      • this is a specific event the patient cites (i.e. "Heard a pop")
    • Symptoms
      • common symptoms
        • location
        • duration
        • severity
        • aggravating / alleviating factors
    • Physical exam
      • inspection
        • varus or valgus deformity
        • ecchymosis & swelling
        • diffuse tenderness
      • motion
        • document flexion-extension and pronation-supination
          • crepitus should be noted
        • varus/valgus instability stress test
          • challenging but important for an accurate diagnosis
      • neurovascular
      • provocative tests
  • Imaging
    • Radiographs
      • recommended views
        • xrays that should alwasy be obtained on evaluation
      • optional views
        • secondary views that might give additional information
      • findings
        • normal anatomy
        • basic abnormal findings
        • advanced abnormal findings
      • measurements
        • basic measurements  (tibial clear space)
        • advanced measurements (pelvic incidence)
      • criteria dictating treatment
        • basic criteria
        • advanced criteria
      • sensitivity & specificity
    • CT
      • indications
        • advanced
      • views
        • a
      • findings
        • basic findings
        • advanced findings
      • sensitivity and specificity
    • MRI
      • indications
        • a
      • views
        • a
      • findings
        • basic findings
        • advanced findings
      • sensitivity and specificity
    • Ultrasound
      • indications
      • preferred views
      • finding
        • basic findings
        • advanced findings
      • sensitivity/specific
    • Bone scan
      • indications
        • when do you order
      • sensitivity and specificity
  • Studies
    • Labs
      • serum
      • urine
      • surface (nasal swab, sputum)
    • Invasive studies
      • Histology
        • gross anatomy
        • histology
          • low power
          • high power
        • immunostaining
      • Electrophysiologic studies
        • basic findings
        • advanced findings
  • Differential
    • Differential A
      • key findings that differentiate topic from differential A
        • found with topic
          • key finding A
        • found with differential A
          • key finding A
    • Differential B
      • key findings that differentiate topic from differential B
        • found with topic
          • key finding A
        • found with differential
          • key finding A
          • key finding C
  • Diagnosis
    • Made 
  • Treatment 
    • Nonoperative
      • nonoperative treatment A
        • indications
          • indication a
        • modalities (think of this as the options)
        • outcomes
    • Operative
      • operative treatment A
        • indications
          • indication a
        • techniques
          • variation of treatment A (just list the option to chose from)
          • indication b
        • outcomes
      • operative treatment B
        • indications
          • indication a
          • indication b
        • techniques
          • variation of treatment A (just list the option to chose from)
        • outcomes
  • Techniques
    • Nonoperative (Immobilization)
      • indications / pros / cons
      • technique
      • pros/cons
      • complications
    • CRPP
      • indications / pros / cons
      • approach
      • technique
      • complications (ONLY if specific to this treatment)
    • ORIF
      • indications
      • approach
      • technique
      • complications
    • Resection / Nerve Decompression / Ectomy
      • indications / pros / cons
      • approach
      • technique
      • complications 
    • Repair
      • indications
      • approaches
      • techniques
      • complications
    • Reconstruction
      • indications
      • approach
      • technique
      • complications
    • Arthrodesis
      • indication
      • approach
      • techniques
      • complications
    • Arthroplasty
      • indications
      • approach
      • techniques
      • complications
  • Complications
    • Complication A
      • incidence (only if pertinent)
      • risk factors
      • treatment
        • tested treatment in bold blue
          • indications
    • Complication B
      • incidence
      • risk factors
      • treatment
        • tested treatment in bold blue
          • indications
            • indication A
  • Prognosis
    • Natural history of disease
    • Prognostic variable
      • favorable
      • negative
    • Survival with treatment

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